Portrayl of the Crude Poverty in Marsha A. Hunt’s Novel

  • Govindaraj.C PG & Research Department of English, Sri Vidya Mandir Arts & Science College, Uthangarai - 636 902.
Keywords: Poverty, African, American, Guilty


Poverty is one of the most controversial problems in our society. Poverty is general scarcity or dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possession or money. Poverty makes one person who became slaves with others. Slaves define as a person who is the property of and wholly subject to
another, a bond servant. One who is controlled by another a person is legally owned by someone else and has to work. This article analyses theories of urban poverty in the novel Joy by Marsha A. Hunt. It is about the relationship between two African-American women that is based on secrets, lies, delusion.
Hunt, famous for 15 minutes during the late Sixties as the Broadway star and the mother of Mick Jagger’s first child makes her fiction debut with [Joy],a dark,  flash backed tale about three poor black sisters and a God-fearing old woman –burned by fleeting fame. Joy opens with Baby Palatine, anelderly black woman, traveling across the country to attend the funeral of Joy Band, one of three children she helped raise. While making arrangements for Joy’s funeral, Palatine, better known as Baby P., reminisces about her past with Joy and Joy’s short-lived fame as a member of Bang Band Band, the singing group she formed with her sister Brenda and Anndora. Throughout the novel, Brenda and Anndora repeatedly assert that joy was the ultimate cause of their hardships, prompting Baby P. to defend her “God-sent daughter. The ‘moral’ issues faced by anyone in modern, urban society are all [here]… Yet they’re viewed with a modified moralizing that is more typical of communitiesstruggling for survival than the self-righteousness of the middle class or the disdain of the owning class. And the
life of the characters rests within the mythology, spirit and dynamics of those communities rather than some other ideal”