Water Crisis in India and Future Demand (The Changing Paradigm in Indian Water Management Scenario)

  • Joseph Baskaran P PG and Research Department of Economics, Government Arts College, Thiruvannamalai – 606601.
Keywords: Water Crisis,, Demand Drivers,, Water Efficiency, Water Management,, Water Projection.


India’s water crisis is predominantly a manmade problem. India’s climate is not particularly dry, nor is it lacking in rivers and groundwater. Extremely poor management, Water resources management approaches around the India are changing dramatically. This “changing water paradigm” has many components, including a shift away from sole, or even primary, reliance or finding new sources of supply to address perceived new demands, a growing emphasis on incorporating ecological values into water policy, a re-emphasis on meeting basic human needs for water services, and a conscious breaking of the ties between economic growth and water use. A reliance on physical solutions continues to dominate traditional planning approaches, but these solutions are facing increasing opposition. At the same time, new methods are being developed to meet the demands of growing populations without requiring major new construction or new large-scale water transfers from one region to another. More and more water suppliers and planning agencies are beginning to explore efficiency improvements,implement options for managing demand, and reallocating water among users to reduce projected gaps and meet future needs. This paper is an overview of the issues surrounding India’s water scarcity and future demand and to find measure to replenish water resources.