India’s Successful Basic Services to Move India From Poverty to Empowerment
At present 50 percent of world population receive 10 percent of the world income and own even lessthan 1 percent of the world’s property. Growth is not the sole objective of economic policy. It is necessary to ensure that the benefits of growth accrue to all sections of the society. Eradication of poverty is thus an important objective. Human beings need a certain minimum consumption of food and non-food items to survive. However the perception regarding what constitutes poverty varies over time and across countries. Nevertheless there is need for a measure of poverty. Only then, it will be possible to evaluate how the economy is performing in terms of providing a certain minimum standard of living to all its citizens. Empowerment of people has emerged as an important issue in recent times. The majorstrategies of empowerment include social empowerment, economic empowerment, political empowerment and gender justice along with demographical justice (rural and urban). Poverty alleviation has been largely as a result of overall economic growth. Food shortages were common before modern agricultural technology and in places that lack them today, such as nitrogen fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation methods. The dawn of industrial revolution led to high economic growth, eliminating mass poverty in what is now considered the developed world. The present paper tries to highlight the importance of empowerment line, current status of Indian under the estimation of empowerment line 56 percent of the population lacked the means to meet essential needs that is, some 680 million Indians experienced deprivation that is more than 2.5 times the population of 27 crore masses below the official poverty line.